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THE KINDS OF SEIZURE: THE NEW SYSTEM – “PARTIAL” AND “GENERALIZED” SEIZURES

March 24th, 2011 Posted in Epilepsy | No Comments »

An internationally accepted system of classification of seizures was adopted in 1981. This new classification separates seizures into “partial” (“simple” and “complex”) and “generalized.”
Partial seizures may or may not alter consciousness or awareness, depending on where they start and which structures of the brain they involve. Partial seizures that do not alter consciousness are called “simple partial seizures”, in the past called “focal motor” or “focal sensory” seizures. Partial seizures in which consciousness is altered or lost are called “complex partial seizures.”
Generalized seizures affect the whole brain, not just one part, and they alter consciousness. In a generalized seizure, there is no obvious partial or focal onset or aura. When there is a focal onset, and the seizure progresses to involve the whole brain, it is termed a “partial seizure with secondary generalization.”
Generalized seizures come in two sizes: large and small—convulsive and nonconvulsive. Nonconvulsive refers to alterations of consciousness but without jerking movements. Convulsive here means that there are muscle movements like jerking or stiffening.
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CANCER AND NUTRITION: CALCIUM

March 17th, 2011 Posted in Cancer | No Comments »

The average daily intake of calcium for an American is 450-500 milligrams, an amount well below even the U.S. RDA of 1,000 milligrams per day for those under age 50 and 1,500 milligrams per day for those over 50. While it is important to include sufficient calcium in your diet, you have to be wary of dairy products, its chief source. They contain too much fat and are also highly allergenic no matter what their fat content. Fatty foods are a factor in 60 percent of women’s cancers, 40 percent of men’s cancers, and 75 percent of all cardiovascular diseases.
Low calcium levels are linked to:
Osteoporosis.
Hypertension
Asthma flares.
Colon cancer
Alzheimer’s disease
Some male infertility problems
It is important to get the proper amounts of calcium in your early years—the first twenty to twenty-five years of life—so that the risk of all illnesses will be greatly reduced. However, recent studies suggest that postmenopausal women should take calcium supplements because even at that age bone loss can be reduced. 4,18 These studies have important implications for osteoporosis, because it is shown that bone loss can be reduced significantly even if you begin taking calcium later in life. Osteoporosis currently affects 34 million Americans and results in 1.3 million bone fractures each year.
The safest and easiest way to obtain calcium is by taking a calcium supplement. However, calcium should not be taken by itself; rather, it should be taken with several other nutrients that aid calcium absorption and metabolism. Some of these nutrients, like vitamin D and vitamin C, should be taken only with food, and the others, like magnesium, boron, silicon, threonine, and lysine, should be taken with calcium at night. Calcium and magnesium should be taken in a ratio of about three or four to one. Calcium should be taken only at night and not with food because fiber foods bind calcium and render it useless, and the body repairs itself at night using calcium, and if there is insufficient calcium available, it will be taken from the bones. Take calcium with orange or tomato juice if they do not upset your stomach because they facilitate calcium absorption. The best form of calcium to take is calcium carbonate because it is absorbed better than the other forms of calcium, and the lower molecular weight of calcium carbonate allows the use of a smaller pill. And finally, calcium taken at bedtime may help you fall asleep.
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THE FIRST FEW WEEKS OFF DRUGS OR DRINK

March 10th, 2011 Posted in Anti-Smoking | No Comments »

Now stop.
Just don’t take any more of the drug. Say ‘No’ to yourself and to your using or drinking friends. It’s as simple as that. Concentrate with every fibre of your being on not taking the next fix, pill, smoke or drink.
Do that NOW.
(Or, if you are on a programme of cutting down tranquillisers, make sure that the next pill is the’ right cut-down dose as part of the programme. Tranquilliser addicts and barbiturate addicts reading this chapter will need to bear in mind that the abrupt stop which all other addicts should be doing does not apply to them. Alcoholics, too, must remember that abruptly stopping, without any medication for withdrawal, can be dangerous.)
The first few hours and days are not going to be easy. However, you will get through them successfully if you practise the skills of Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous. These are truly lifeline mental tricks, designed to keep you clean and sober despite the pain of withdrawal.

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