FEET – CONCLUSION

The longitudinal arch is determined by the bones, the joints, the muscles and the ligaments. Weakness in any or all of these structures may cause a flattening of the arch with or without pain.

Foot strain can develop in those who stand all day. This can be related to obesity, when the feet have to carry extra weight or to weakness of the foot.

Walking seems to develop the strength of the muscles and ligaments and doesn’t so readily lead to painful conditions. Arch supports and exercises can be of great benefit. So can losing weight.

Pain felt in the heel on walking may be due to plantar fasciitis. There is a sheet of fascia or connective tissue which runs the length of the sole and is attached to the ball of the foot at the front and to the calcaneum or heel bone at the back.

Inflammation, or even a tear, may develop where it attaches to the heel bone and may cause bone to grow out into the fascia, leading to a spur of bone projecting forward and being seen on X-ray.

The calcanean spur was once thought to be the cause of the problem and was often removed by operation. We now know it is result rather than cause.

This condition is treated by rest, by wearing a pad in the shoe to cushion the heel or by using anti-inflammatory drugs. An injection of a cortisone derivative directly into the tender area works well.

Look after your feet. If they do start to cause trouble, seek professional help early so as to minimise the problem.

*362/71/1*

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Posted on Friday, May 15th, 2009 at 9:01 am and is filed under General health. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

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